Feedlot Concentrates
    Feedlot Concentrate 10%
   
Feedlot Concentrate 30%
Complete and Semi Complete Feeds          
    Complete Cattle Finisher     
   
Stud Livestock Phase D
   
Drought Feed 
 
Driehoek Feeds - 2009
Complete Cattle Finisher

                                                                                          This is a complete, already mixed ration for
                                                                                          feedlot finishing. Roughage only needs to be
                                                                                          added during the first week or two to assist
                                                                                          with adaptation to the ration. Thereafter, the
                                                                                          product may be fed ad lib without the
                                                                                          supplementation of roughage.
                                                                                          Monensin, Zinc Bacitracin, Vitamin A and the
                                                                                          necessary trace minerals are standard additives
                                                                                          in this product.
Feeding Instructions

1. During the first week additional roughage must be fed to facilitate adaptation.
2. Always feed ad lib.  Keep lick troughs filled.

WARNING:
This feed contains urea and should be fed strictly according to the instructions.
Stud Livestock Phase D

This is a finishing meal requiring additional roughage or
veld grazing. The product is used for finishing in the
feedlot, finishing on the veld and also for the Phase D
testing of bulls (hence the name).
In the feedlot additional roughage must be available
at all times (cafeteria system) and animals can be
expected to select 10 -15% roughage in addition to
the finishing meal.
For finishing on the veld the recommendation is to
feed the Phase D ration at 2% of live body mass.  The
remaining daily requirement will then be grazed from
the veld. Because this is a form of restricted feeding,
ensure adequate feeding space to prevent competition
and domination at the feeding trough. The product
contains standard additions of Monensin, Zinc
Bacitracin, Vitamin A and the necessary trace minerals.
Feeding Instructions

1.  ADAPTATION: Limit the intake of the finisher to approximately 1% of the animal's live mass during the
     first week to prevent digestive disturbances.
2.  Livestock Phase D is fed ad lib with adequate roughage or natural grazing. Ensure that the feed
     troughs are always full.

WARNING:
This animal feed contains urea and registered remedies.
Use strictly according to instructions. 
Drought Feed

The following points serve as a guideline in a situation of drought feeding:

1.  Start earlier rather than later. Differentiate between a normal seasonal drought and a longer
     term drought crisis. Decide on a plan of action and implement the plan as soon as possible.

2.  While grazing is still available, make use of a normal urea containing maintenance lick (Driehoek
     Winterlick) to supplement the grazing. Animals must be removed from the veld when normal lick
     intakes start to increase rapidly, when animals start to gather abnormally at the gates and/or
     drinking/feeding stations, when the grazing is observed to be trampled and when loss of body
     mass exceeds 15%.

3.  Animals should be adapted to the drought ration before they are moved off the deteriorating
     grazing to smaller camps.

4.  Animals should now be prevented from walking unnecessary distances for feed and water by moving
     them into smaller camps (drought feeding units).

5.  Clean and cool drinking water should be available at all times.

6.  Animals under stress should be protected from sun and wind.

7.  As a guideline, animals will survive on a balanced ration equalling 1% of their body mass. Rather
     feed a larger quantity three times per week than a smaller quantity daily.

8.  Do not move the animals back to the camps after the drought has ended before the grazing has
     recovered adequately as this can lead to further losses.
Feeding Instructions

1.  ADAPTATION: During the first week additional roughage must be fed and the intake of the drought
     feed should be limited to approximately 1% of the animal's live mass to prevent digestive disturbances.

WARNING:
This animal feed contains urea.
Use strictly according to instructions.
Feedlot Concentrate 10%

                                                                                        This is a 10% concentrate inclusion to be
                                                                                        mixed with maize (or hominy chop) and
                                                                                        roughage.  Roughage can also be offered ad lib
                                                                                        separately (cafeteria system).

                                                                                        The concentrate is fortified with Monensin, Zinc
                                                                                        Bacitracin, Vitamin A and the necessary trace
                                                                                        minerals.
Mixing Instructions

To obtain a Complete Cattle Finisher ration mix 10% Concentrate with 75% maize (or hominy chop) and 15% hay to achieve the following composition:
(Note:  Up to 10% of the maize or chop can be exchanged for molasses meal.)
Feeding Instructions

1. During the first week additional roughage must be fed to facilitate adaptation.
2. Always feed ad lib.  Keep lick troughs filled.

WARNING:
This feed contains urea and should be fed strictly according to the instructions.
Feedlot Concentrate 30%

This is a 30% concentrate inclusion to be mixed with maize (or hominy chop). No roughage is
required here since the roughage is already present in the concentrate. Additional roughage should
be added during the first week or two to assist with adaptation to the ration.
The concentrate is supplied with Monensin, Zinc Bacitracin, Vitamin A and the necessary trace minerals.
Mixing Instructions

To obtain a Complete Cattle Finisher ration mix 30% Concentrate with 70% maize (or hominy chop) to
obtain the following composition:
(Note:  Up to 10% of the maize or chop can be exchanged for molasses meal.)
Feeding Instructions

1. During the first week additional roughage must be fed to facilitate adaptation.
2. Always feed ad lib.  Keep lick troughs filled.

WARNING:
This feed contains urea and should be fed strictly according to the instructions.
General Guidelines for Fattening

Adaptation Period
Free access to good quality hay during the first week or two is of the utmost importance even if
hay is already mixed in with the ration.

Preparation of animals for the feedlot

1.  Treat all animals for ticks
2.  Dose animals for internal parasites.
3.  The implantation of an additional growth stimulant is optional. Although all the   rations do contain
     an ionophore, hormone implants can ensure enhanced growth.
4.  Consult your vet with regards to a vaccination program. Pay specific attention to respiratory diseases
     which can cause high mortality rates.
5.  Clean and cool drinking water must be available at all times.
6.  The following can be used as a guideline for feeding space required:
   
            Cattle  300-400mm    8-13 m2/bovine
             Sheep  200-300mm    2-3 m2/sheep
Lick Supplementation

Sourveld Winter Lick

                                                                                       This is a 50% protein, 2% phosphorous lick specifically
                                                                                       suited for extremely sour veld.  It provides the
                                                                                       necessary trace elements, the correct nitrogen to
                                                                                       sulphur ratio and is specifically formulated to
                                                                                       maintain body mass by supplementing the
                                                                                       shortages occurring in the dry winter grazing.
Feeding Instructions

1.  This is a supplement and not a feed. Sufficient grazing and/or roughage must be available at all times.
2.  Keep lick troughs filled and prevent gluttonous eating by hungry animals. A constant daily intake can
     help prevent poisoning.
3.  Before feeding an NPN containing lick, feed an ordinary salt/phosphate lick for at least 7 days.
4.  Recommended intake:
     Cattle: 400g per day
     Sheep: 100g per day
Bushveld Winter Lick



                                                                                       This is a 40% protein, 1,6% phosphorous lick
                                                                                       suitable for both sweet and sour veld. It provides
                                                                                       the necessary trace elements, the correct nitrogen
                                                                                       to sulphur ratio and is specifically formulated to
                                                                                       maintain body mass by supplementing the
                                                                                       shortages occurring in the dry winter grazing.
Feeding Instructions

1.  This is a supplement and not a feed. Sufficient grazing and/or roughage must be available at all times.
2.  Keep lick troughs filled and prevent gluttonous eating by hungry animals. A constant daily intake can
     help prevent poisoning.
3.  Before feeding an NPN containing lick, feed an ordinary salt/phosphate lick for at least 7 days.
4.  Recommended intake:
     Cattle: 400g per day
     Sheep: 100g per day
Driehoek Summer Lick

                                                                                       This lick is designed to supply Protein,
                                                                                       phosphate and minerals for cattle grazing on
                                                                                       sourveld during summer months.
m                                                                                   
                                                                                       It provides the necessary trace elements and is
                                                                                       specifically formulated to maintain body mass
                                                                                       by supplementing the shortages encountered
                                                                                       during summer grazing.
Feeding Instructions

1.  This is a supplement and not a feed. Sufficient grazing and/or roughage must be available at all times.
2.  Keep lick troughs filled and prevent gluttonous eating by hungry animals. A constant daily intake can
     help prevent poisoning.
3.  Before feeding an NPN containing lick, feed an ordinary salt/phosphate lick for at least 7 days.
4.  Recommended intake:
     Cattle: 300g per day
     Sheep: 75g per day
Production Lick

Production lick has a very high energy content (8.0 MJ/kg
minimum) and can be utilized for the following purposes.

1.  Finishing animals on the veld for the market.
2.  Flush feeding: by providing the lick ad lib to female
     animals on the veld two to three weeks prior to
     breeding period. The elevated energy status will
     ensure better ovulation and consequently better
     calving percentages.
3.  Growth enhancement of young female animals in
     order to reach target weights for breeding quicker.
4.  Ensuring the ideal condition of breeding bulls before
     the mating season without risk of them becoming
     too fat.
5.  As supplementation for the whole herd during the
     difficult transition period from winter to summer.
     In early spring young grass sprouts have a  high
     protein content but lack the necessary energy supplementation. Additional energy supplementation
     during this three to four week period will help prevent further loss of body mass after the dry season
     and enhance general condition and weaning mass for the growth and breeding season ahead.
Feeding Instructions

1.  This is a supplement and not a feed. Sufficient grazing and/or roughage must be available at all times.
2.  Keep lick troughs filled and prevent gluttonous eating by hungry animals. A constant daily intake can
     help prevent poisoning.
3.  Before feeding an NPN containing lick, feed an ordinary salt/phosphate lick for at least 7 days.
4.  Recommended intake:
     Cattle: 600g to 1kg per day
     Sheep: 150g per day

Image: Waterberg Bonsmarans
Image: Bosveld Bonsmarans
Image: Beith Bonsmarans
Image: CVO Brahmans
Image: CVO Brahmans
Image: Waterberg Boran Club
Image: Waterberg Boran Club